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American production of battery-grade lithium for electric vehicles (EVs.)

Stardust Power is helping solve a national security issue for the United States: building one of the largest lithium refineries in America in a strategically located and central location.

The global energy transition is upon us and the global economy is quickly becoming electrified. The lack of domestic lithium production used to build batteries for EVs is creating a bottleneck in the American economy. The domestic and global demand for lithium is growing rapidly, and is poised to accelerate in the coming years as countries and companies adopt more aggressive decarbonization and renewable energy goals, creating a higher demand for electric vehicles and the lithium-ion batteries that power them. America needs refinery capacity as China currently dominates the global market.

Refinery Capacity is Critical

American lithium refinery capacity is critical for several reasons :

Refinery Capacity is Critical

American lithium refinery capacity is critical for several reasons :

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Creating a central refinery is an important step in realizing American supply chain security.

A paucity of domestic lithium production and increased regionalization of the battery supply chain have created a strong market for new refining capacity in the US, positioning Stardust to capitalize on the growing demand for lithium while reducing the country’s reliance on imports.

Standardization of Quality

A central lithium refinery will ensure that the lithium produced meets specific quality standards. This is important because the quality of lithium canwill vary depending on the source, and different battery manufacturers require lithium of different qualities. By having a central refinery that produces standardized, high-quality lithium, battery manufacturers willcan be assured that the lithium they use will meet their requirements.

Economies of Scale

A central lithium refinery will take advantage of economies of scale, which can help reduce the cost of production. By producing lithium in large quantities, the refinery can spread fixed costs over a larger production volume, which can help reduce the cost per unit of lithium produced.

Environmental Benefits

A central lithium refinery will also help reduce the environmental impact of lithium production. Consolidating production at a central refinery will help minimize the overall environmental footprint of the industry. By having a central refinery that adheres to strict environmental standards, the industry will help ensure that lithium is produced in a sustainable and environmentally responsible manner.

Innovation

A central lithium refinery will drive innovation in the industry. By having a central location where researchers and engineers can collaborate, the industry can will accelerate the development of new technologies and processes that canto improve the efficiency and sustainability of lithium production.